Solutions

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56 Solutions found

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Hessian fly resistant wheat varieties

  • Zewdie Bishaw
  • z.bishaw@cgiar.org

The production of wheat in Sub-Saharan Africa is threatened by infestations of the Hessian fly, Mayetiola destructor, popularly called gall midges. This insect pest has spread across all major breadbasket areas of Eastern and Southern Africa, and is causing substantial losses of grain and forage yields. Damage to wheat crops is attributed to larvae of the Hessian fly that get …

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Yellow rust and stem rust resistant wheat

  • Zewdie Bishaw
  • z.bishaw@cgiar.org

In major wheat production zones of Sub-Saharan Africa yellow rust and stem rust are counting as one of the most destructive diseases. Under favorable conditions infections by these fungal pathogens lead to yield losses of 50-90% and may destroy wheat crops entirely within a weeks. Rust diseases quickly spread as its spores get carried along by winds and allows them …

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Seed inoculation with rhizobia

  • Paul Woomer
  • plwoomer@gmail.com

Reduced legume production is associated with declining soil fertility and low availability of soil nitrogen (N) to plants. Nitrogen is essential for plant growth and is the most limited nutrient in the African soils. This needed nitrogen may be applied as mineral fertilizers, as organic residues, or in the case of many legumes through securing abundant antmospheric N through Biological …

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Climbing bean with higher nitrogen fixation potential

  • Josey Kamanda
  • j.kamanda@cgiar.org

Common bean is an inexpensive source of protein, minerals and vitamins, and is important for food and nutritional security in smallholder farming systems in Africa. Many small-scale farmers in bean growing areas allocate scarce resources in their production in marginal lands with low soil nutrients especially nitrogen (N). Because of these limitations coupled with climate related stresses and attacks by …

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High-Iron Bean (HIB)

  • Josey Kamanda
  • j.kamanda@cgiar.org

Despite efforts to curb iron deficiency through supplements and fortified foods, it remains a leading nutritional ailment in developing countries, affecting an estimated 2 billion people worldwide. Iron deficiency is associated with anemia and insufficient supply of oxygen to the body. This is particularly acute due to inadequate dietary intake of bio-available iron, particularly during pregnancy and infancy or as …

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Heat and drought tolerant wheat varieties

  • Zewdie Bishaw
  • z.bishaw@cgiar.org

Heat and drought stress are forming two of the main environmental constraints on wheat production in Sub-Saharan Africa. For example, in Sudan temperatures often exceed 41°C and this severely undermines the flowering and grain-filling stages of wheat, leading to low national average of only 2 ton/ha, and often total crop failure. The increasing occurrence of extreme heat and drought spells …

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Aflatoxin management (e.g. Aflasafe atoxic fungi)

  • Charity Mutegi
  • c.mutegi@cgiar.org

Common species of the soil-dwelling fungus Aspergillus flavus infest crops that are grown on farmer fields and produce a highly toxic, cancer-causing poison called “aflatoxin”. There is widespread and severe aflatoxin contamination of key staple crops, animal feeds and processed foods across Africa owing to conducive weather conditions, presence of extremely potent fungal strains, and substandard post-harvest handling and storage. …

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Pre-plant blended fertilizers and nitrogen topdressing for maize

  • Jonga Munyaradzi
  • j.munyaradzi@aatf-africa.org

For maize to achieve high grain yields there is need of applying the right fertilizers at the right rate and at the right time following best agronomic practices. Shortages of nutrients like nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) result in a weaker root system, crop stunting, disease vulnerability, low photosynthetic activity and efficiency, fewer numbers of cobs and kernel …

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