Solutions

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71 Solutions found

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Pre-Cooked Beans for Consumer Convenience

  • Robert Fungo
  • r.fungo@cgiar.org

Common bean is a major staple food in eastern and southern Africa, the second-most important source of human dietary protein and the third-most important source of calories. Yet the sale and consumption of whole dried common beans is discouraged by their long cooking time, and high energy and water requirements. Pre-cooking combined with canned or frozen preservation techniques substantially decreases …

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Hermetic Bags for Safe Storage of Beans

  • Boaz Waswa
  • b.waswa@cgiar.org

Large post-harvest losses of bean occurs across Sub-Sahara Africa because of improper storage techniques resulting in pest infestation that threatens the food security and livelihoods of farmers. As a result, farmers may opt to sell their produce immediately after harvest when market prices are at their lowest as a risk avoidance strategy. Grain storage pests such as weevils (bruchids) can …

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Mechanized Threshing Operations

  • Alfred Chengula
  • info@imaratech.co

Threshing refers to the separation of seeds or grain seed from the harvested plant, and this is a tedious operation when performed by hand. Typically, women are assigned this task of hitting piled harvest with sticks until the grain falls loose and, in the case of beans where the whole plant is harvested and dried, it requires about four hours …

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Integrated Management of Insects, Diseases and Weeds

  • Boaz Waswa
  • b.waswa@cgiar.org

Common bean is susceptible to diverse pests and diseases that strongly impact on its productivity. At the same time, inappropriate pesticide use may cause health and environmental risks and result in resistance of pests. For instance, use of chemical substances to control pests like beetles, aphids, cutworms, leaf spots, crown rots and common grassy or broadleaf weeds poses selective pressure …

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Mechanical and Chemical Weed Management

  • Boaz Waswa
  • b.waswa@cgiar.org

Common bean is a relatively weak competitor with weeds and when overgrown by them yield losses from 60 to 100% can occur. Encroachment of weeds causes inefficient use of fertilizer inputs and may harbor pests and diseases, or exude chemicals that have a negative impact upon bean root systems (allelopathy). Tall-growing weeds shade the crop, making stems weak and easily …

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Low-Cost Staking for Climbing Beans

  • Boaz Waswa
  • b.waswa@cgiar.org

Adopting climbing bean offers a potential for increasing bean production in Africa, however, a major challenge to growing climbing beans is the requirement for plant support. Many farmers find this added expense difficult to meet and inadequate staking results in yield loss of 50% to 90%. This challenge is the most limiting factor for optimized yields and advancing wider adoption …

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Specialty fertilizer blends for common bean

  • Boaz Waswa
  • b.waswa@cgiar.org

Common bean production in Sub-Saharan Africa suffers widely from low nutrient availabilities in soils. To counter this conditions, blends of fertilizers specifically for common bean are known and available that provide a balanced supply of nutrients. These fertilizer blends contain phosphorus, potassium, sulfur and other nutrients in proportions that are aligned with soil fertility status and crop requirements. In some …

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Seed dressing of common bean with fungicide and insecticide

  • Boaz Waswa
  • b.waswa@cgiar.org

Attacks of common bean by fungal diseases such as anthracnose, damping off or root rots, and insect pests like stem maggots are responsible for large yield losses in Africa. Control measures against these pathogens have to be taken early on in the season for avoiding damage of common bean crops. The small gains in common bean yields across Eastern and …

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