Solutions

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100 Solutions found

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Value Addition and Storage Techniques

  • Adeniyi Adediran
  • a.adediran@cgiar.org

Currently, less than 30% of chicken meat is processed into clean precut preserved products across African countries. Most poultry are sold on live markets and slaughtered on-site which gives farmers lower returns and causes supply shortages and public health hazards. Secondary processing of whole raw chicken into value-added products and cold storage allow sales to a larger consumer base all …

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Mechanized Defeathering and Egg Sorting

  • Adeniyi Adediran
  • a.adediran@cgiar.org

The rapid increase of demand for chicken meat and egg calls for more intensive production systems with automated cleaning and sorting processes. After slaughtering chickens for meat, they require scalding and defeathering, before cutting the carcass. When done manually, this step is time-consuming, reducing output, and posing serious occupational hazard to workers. Grading eggs to specified weight, size and color …

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Value Addition to Poultry Manure

  • Adeniyi Adediran
  • a.adediran@cgiar.org

Chicken manure is useful as an organic fertilizer to food and feed crops. It has the highest concentration of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium of all the manures. Chicken manure is seldom used directly because it can contain pathogens such as salmonella; it can ‘burn’ plants by damaging roots, and its odor is off-putting. Fortunately, it composts quickly into forms safe …

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Biosecurity for Disease Prevention

  • Adeniyi Adediran
  • a.adediran@cgiar.org

Due to the large number of poultry and concentration in flocks it is imperative that producers put in place precautionary measures to prevent the introduction and spread of disease-causing organisms. Biosecurity consists of a bundle of preventative disease control measures practiced by poultry producers. It reduces the risk of disease agents moving onto farms from outside, the movement of diseases …

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Universal Vaccination against Newcastle Diseases

  • Adeniyi Adediran
  • a.adediran@cgiar.org

Poultry production in Africa is severely undermined by the Newcastle disease. This viral disease spreads by airborne droplets from coughing or sneezing among infected birds making it highly contagious. Wild birds, contaminated eggs and dirty clothing also transmit the virus. Chickens of all ages are affected but young chicks are most susceptible, with mortality levels as high as 100% percent. …

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Local Production of Quality Affordable Feed

  • Adeniyi Adediran
  • a.adediran@cgiar.org

Availability of safe low-cost poultry feed is a prerequisite for enterprise profitability and growth. Efficient feeding systems promote high productivity and reasonable profits despite feed generally comprising about 70% of conventional production costs. In the same way, lack of affordable and adequate feed prevents small-scale farmers from expanding their operations. This raises the possibility of producing lower cost feeds from …

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Low-Cost Cage and Free-Range Containment

  • Adeniyi Adedirian
  • a.adediran@cgiar.org

Housing poultry protects birds from predators and climate extremes in ways that minimize stress and enhance productive gain. In addition, suitable housing contributes to ease of collecting wastes, biosecurity, sanitation, and feed management. Commercial poultry production requires sophisticated housing types and automated equipment. However, most smallholder farmers cannot afford the cost of building elaborate poultry houses. In addition, consumer interest …

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Artificial Hatching in Semi-Automatic Incubators

  • Adeniyi Adedirian
  • a.adediran@cgiar.org

The number of chicks that can be produced by hens via natural incubation is limited to 10-12 chicks per hatch. Such a rate does not allow rapid scaling of new breeds and reliable supply of young birds needed to expand poultry farming. Artificial hatching in semi-automatic incubators makes it possible to rear day old chicks (DOCs) within 21 days. These …

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