Solutions

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100 Solutions found

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Dual-Purpose Chicken for Small-Scale Producers

  • Tadelle Dessie
  • t.dessie@cgiar.org

Most indigenous chickens have low levels of egg and meat productivity and high mortality rate. Breeders have developed “dual-purpose” chicken that produce both egg production and meat, and are low cost, disease resistant, heat tolerant, and feed efficient. The distribution of these improved breeds to farmers takes place by companies that establish a parent stock and hatchery operation. Day old …

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Flock Improvement of Meat and Layer Breeds

  • Tadelle Dessie
  • t.dessie@cgiar.org

Inferior breeds with poor genetics and poorly controlled diseases are major limiting factors for poultry production in Africa. Naturally selected local chickens exhibit adaptation to adverse conditions but offer lower meat and egg production than improved breeds raised under better management. Heritable traits of interest in chickens include growth rate, egg yield, average daily gain, and feed conversion efficiency. Improved …

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Warrantage Inventory and Credit System

  • Dougbedji Fatondji
  • d.fatondji@cgiar.org

Limited access of small-scale farmers to favorable markets and reliable storage facilities is one of the key causes of food insecurity and pervasive poverty across millet and sorghum production areas. As a result, farmers are forced to sell their grain at peak production times for low prices. Later in the year, food prices increase but poorer households are unable to …

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Flour Milling and Blending Systems

  • Dougbedji Fatondji
  • d.fatondji@cgiar.org

The time and energy required for grinding and cooking the grains of millet and sorghum for consumption poses a burden in home kitchens and restricts its appeal in urban centers. Farmers and traders can quickly add value to millet and sorghum by milling their grains into flour that is easy to use and ready for blending with other flours. Millet …

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Motorized Crop Residue Processing of Animal Feed

  • Dougbedji Fatondji
  • d.fatondji@cgiar.org

Crop residues and stover from millet and sorghum offer an important source of livestock feed. When animals are herded over croplands only 20%-30% of stover is grazed since they prefer the leaves that are sweeter and easier to digest. Farmers normally chop stems into small pieces by hand so it can be fed to cattle, but this task is time …

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Mechanized Tillers, Planters and Fertilizer Applicators

  • Dougbedji Fatondji
  • d.fatondji@cgiar.org

Farm activities such as land preparation, sowing and fertilizer application are largely performed by hand in small-scale millet and sorghum production systems. Farmers endure physical drudgery to cultivate their land and bear the cost of maintaining draught animals or services. Low and erratic rainfall in millet and sorghum growing areas narrow the window for planting without, intensifying labor demand. Recommended …

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Biological Control of Insect Pests with Natural Enemies

  • Dougbedji Fatondji
  • d.fatondji@cgiar.org

The millet head miner (Heliocheilus albipunctella) is the most important insect pest of pearl millet in the Sahel. These moths deposit their eggs on the heads of millet and hatched caterpillars mine into the seeds of the millet head. It can cause complete crop loss but more often losses occur in the range of 40% to 80%. Without control measures, …

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Proactive Management of Striga Infestation

  • Dougbedji Fatondji
  • d.fatondji@cgiar.org

Striga, also known as witchweed, is a parasitic plant that has invaded all major sorghum and millet production zones of Africa. The damage begins underground where the weed latches onto the roots of the crop and feeds on water, nutrients, and sugars causing twisted, discolored, and stunted growth. Striga is a major biological constraint to millet and sorghum production and …

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