Solutions

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100 Solutions found

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Pre-emergence herbicides for maize crops

  • Jonga Munyaradzi
  • j.munyaradzi@aatf-africa.org

The level of weed encroachment in farmlands across Sub-Saharan Africa is generally high and causes vast amounts of water and nutrients in soils to be drawn away from food crops, which reduces grain yields and returns on agro-input investments. It is critical to keep a low number of common weeds in maize crops, especially during its germination and initial growth …

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Golden maize varieties (High provitamin A)

  • Jonga Munyaradzi
  • j.munyaradzi@aatf-africa.org

Maize is the preferred staple food for millions of people in Sub-Saharan Africa, but common varieties grown by farmers have low levels of vitamins and minerals. This situation is contributing to widespread malnutrition and hidden hunger on the continent, with 50% of children between 0.5 to 5 years suffering from vitamin A deficiency according to World Health Organization. Insufficient intake …

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GEM parboiling and flour production for rice

  • Ernest Asiedu
  • e.asiedu@cgiar.org

Parboiling is a process whereby rough rice is steeped in cold or warm water, heated with steam under pressure or in boiling water to gelatinize starch with minimum grain swelling, followed by slow drying. The nutritional, flavor and textural characteristics of parboiled rice are better than non-parboiled counterparts and can match the quality of imported rice making it more appealing …

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Maize-legume rotation and intercropping

  • Jonga Munyaradzi
  • j.munyaradzi@aatf-africa.org

Cultivating maize and legumes on the same piece of land simultaneously or alternatingly offers multiple advantages as compared to growing the cereal as continuous monocrop. Legumes enhance the amount of nitrogen (N) in soils during and after its cultivation which can be used to tackle constraints on cereal yields in subsistence farming systems because of nutrient limitation and make savings …

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Deep urea placement (nitrogen management)

  • Ernest Asiedu
  • e.asiedu@cgiar.org

Nitrogen (N) application rates to rice paddies by input of urea fertilizer in Sub-Saharan Africa are generally low, and very often the uptake of nitrogen from this synthetic source by rice crops is limited because of losses to air and groundwater. Better management of N fertilization by farmers in rice production offers a lot of room for enhancing grain productivity, …

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Advanced rice varieties for Africa (ARICA lines)

  • Ernest Asiedu
  • e.asiedu@cgiar.org

A new generation of high-performing and locally adapted hybrid rice cultivars has been launched since 2013 through breeding programs in Sub-Saharan Africa, which are known as ARICA varieties. This brand of improved germplasm is the successor to NERICA varieties and provides opportunities to rice farmers and traders on the continent because these new varieties are well adapted to the growing …

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New rice for Africa (NERICA varieties)

  • Ernest Asiedu
  • e.asiedu@cgiar.org

Improved rice cultivars for a broad range of growing areas in Africa have been developed by breeders through crossing of natural landraces from the continent with lines of Asian rice. These NERICA varieties get a greater yield and are more resistant to weeds and diseases compared common non-improved varieties. Having inherited the ability from African types of rice to grow …

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Fall armyworm control in maize production; e.g. FORTENZA(TM) Duo

  • Jonga Munyaradzi
  • j.munyaradzi@aatf-africa.org

Chemical control agents for fall armyworms have proven to be highly effective in protecting maize crops from the pest and holding back its rapid spread that is threatening millions of farmers in major production zones across Sub-Saharan Africa. A range of insecticide products are marketed on the continent by agro-input suppliers that kill larvae of FAW inside the soil and …

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