Solutions

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65 Solutions found

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Specialty fertilizer blends for common bean

  • Boaz Waswa
  • b.waswa@cgiar.org

Common bean production in Sub-Saharan Africa suffers widely from low nutrient availabilities in soils. To counter this conditions, blends of fertilizers specifically for common bean are known and available that provide a balanced supply of nutrients. These fertilizer blends contain phosphorus, potassium, sulfur and other nutrients in proportions that are aligned with soil fertility status and crop requirements. In some …

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Seed dressing of common bean with fungicide and insecticide

  • Boaz Waswa
  • b.waswa@cgiar.org

Attacks of common bean by fungal diseases such as anthracnose, damping off or root rots, and insect pests like stem maggots are responsible for large yield losses in Africa. Control measures against these pathogens have to be taken early on in the season for avoiding damage of common bean crops. The small gains in common bean yields across Eastern and …

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Flour milling and blending systems

  • Zewdie Bishaw
  • z.bishaw@cgiar.org

Farmers and traders can add value by grinding wheat into flour that can be stored for several months and used to make a variety of processed food products such as bread, biscuits, cakes, porridges and pasta. Manual techniques for producing wheat flour are employed by many communities in Sub-Saharan Africa which do not provide large market opportunities because the quality …

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Combine harvesters and fleet management

  • Zewdie Bishaw
  • z.bishaw@cgiar.org

A combine harvester is a type of modern agricultural machinery that performs multiple harvesting operations, i.e., reaping, threshing, gathering, and winnowing, in a single process. Combine harvesters are available in a broad range of sizes, going from small units that can handle several hectares per day to very large units for major operations that can handle several hectares per hour. …

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Hermetic bags for safe storage of grains

  • Zewdie Bishaw
  • z.bishaw@cgiar.org

Large post-harvest losses of wheat grain take place in Sub-Sahara Africa because of improper storage techniques and pest infestation which gravely affect the food security and livelihoods of farmers. To avoid this risk grains are immediately sold after harvest by farmers when market prices are at their lowest. The hermetic storage technology for grains allows to overcome this challenge by …

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Integrated management of insects, diseases and weeds in wheat

  • Zewdie Bishaw
  • z.bishaw@cgiar.org

Wheat farmers in Sub-Saharan Africa commonly apply chemical substances to prevent substantial yield losses or total crop failure of major pests like beetles, aphids, cutworms, leaf spots and crown rots because these are simple and inexpensive to use. Over time, this imposes a selective pressure on insects, microorganisms and weeds that leads to the emergence of biotypes that are resistant …

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Minimal tillage and surface mulching of soils

  • Zewdie Bishaw
  • z.bishaw@cgiar.org

Declining soil fertility and increasing water stress are two of the most pertinent challenges for wheat production in dry tropical and subtropical regions from Sub-Saharan Africa. Farmers traditionally make excessive use of tillage for managing weeds and return very limited amounts of organic matter to soils which causes a gradual degradation of key processes such as nutrient exchange and water …

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Furrow irrigated raised bed wheat production

  • Zewdie Bishaw
  • z.bishaw@cgiar.org

Irrigating wheat crops across dryland belts from Sub-Saharan Africa is vital to realize higher yields, strengthen drought resilience and expand production into new areas. The limited supply of freshwater for agriculture, and cost of extraction, storage and delivery, however pose major challenges and make that the resource has to be exploited in the best way possible. Most wheat farmers in …

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